|The first time I concelebrated the Eucharist|
Two weeks ago we celebrated Pentecost, where the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles and enabled them to proclaim the Gospel to the whole world. Last week we celebrated Trinity Sunday, where we celebrated God revealed as a loving Trinity of persons. This week we celebrate the feast of Corpus Christi, which means Body of Christ in Latin, and we pay special honor to Jesus giving himself to us in the Eucharist as our spiritual and physical food.
This feast came out of a movement in the 12th century to have a feast outside of Lent to celebrate our love of the Eucharist. We already celebrate the institution of the Eucharist on Holy Thursday, but we also celebrate on that day the institution of the priesthood, the washing of the feet, and the agony in the garden. Today's feast is just about the Eucharist.
But this day isn't about celebrating the Eucharist as a something thats pretty cool. When we celebrate the feast of Corpus Christi, we shouldn't just say "Hey, the Eucharist is pretty neat." Based on the readings today, we should thank God for this Eucharist because this Eucharist is our entry into eternal life.
This feast is about remembering, looking backward, and it's about looking forward, because the Eucharist is a timeless thing. So do me a favor, think back on your life, and think of a time when you knew God was with you, and think of a time when it God let you struggle.
That's what Moses is instructing the Israelites in the first reading. The first reading is from the Book of Deuteronomy, which is Moses' last words to the Israelites at the end of the desert wanderings, before they go into the Promised Land. In this reading, he is exhorting the Israelites to remember what God has done for them in the past, and by remembering, to trust God in the future. The Israelites had a terrible problem with forgetfulness. Time and time again, they forgot the great things God had done for them and how much he loves. And what happens when you forget? It's more than the idea that those who forget history are doomed to repeat it. No, the problem throughout Israel's history is that when they forgot God and the deeds of God, then they turned their back on him and what he was calling them to be, and they turned to other gods. So Moses's final exhortation is to remember The Lord, and specifically here he is telling them to remember the gift of manna in the desert.
Jesus is invoking this memory of manna, but saying that he offers something better. He is saying that people still died after that bread from heaven, but not after my bread from heaven,the true bread from heaven. Jesus is explaining exactly what his future sacrifice will entail, and he is explaining what the Eucharist will mean.
This gospel passage is set in the midst of a much longer discourse between Jesus and this anonymous group referred to as "the Jews," and it is found in the sixth chapter of John's gospel. If you've never read John 6, then make that something to do this next week. Once you read John 6, it's easy to see that John believes in the real presence of Jesus in the Eucharist. So Jesus is trying to convince the Jews of the importance of the gift that he will offer when he offers himself on the cross, and he uses strong language to do so. For the Jews, saying that you had to eat his flesh and drink his blood immediately went against their understanding of ritual cleanliness, and even today that still strikes us as difficult.
What he is giving us is a promise when he says "Unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you." It's phrased negatively, but contained in it is a promise that if you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you will have life within you. We say the Eucharist contains the Body and Blood, the Soul and Divinity, of Jesus. Those four words sum up everything about Jesus, so the Eucharist contains everything. In the Eucharist Jesus is giving us all of himself.
A gift from Jesus this great requires an appropriate response, and so we need to consider two aspects of how we respond to Jesus. We need to consider how we respond to Jesus present in the Eucharist, and we need to consider how we respond to Jesus present in others.
When you receive a gift so great that you can never adequately repay it, you respond with grateful acceptance. But here's an important aspect to consider: if you are going to accept a great gift, you have to accept it on the terms that the giver gives it. So when it comes to the Eucharist, when Jesus says "my flesh is true food and my blood is true drink," and when we learn the teaching of Jesus' Church that the Eucharist is the Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Jesus, then we cannot say, "Well, to me the Eucharist is a symbol of Jesus," because it's not up to me to define what the Eucharist is. That would be to abuse the gift. I forget the numbers, but according to polls I've heard there are a startling number of Catholics who only believe the Eucharist is a symbol, and not the reality of Jesus. When Jesus says "This is my body" they say "No, it's not" and when he says "This is my blood" they say, "Nah, it's only a symbol." My friends, we have to take Jesus at his word when he gives us this gift, and don't cheapen the mystery by trying to bring it down to terms I can understand.
|The altar of St. Mary's in Cheyenne|
The other aspect we need to consider of our response to this gift is how we treat each other. St. Paul helps us out here. The bread is the one body of the one Lord, and the cup is the one blood of the one Lord, so we who eat and drink it are one. That thought drags me out of a "me and Jesus" mentality. I can't come to Mass with blinders on because I'm here for my "me and Jesus" time. Now, there is certainly an element of personal time at mass, but we can't neglect the community either. And our liturgy reflects it. When I say "Lift up your hearts," you say "we lift them up The Lord." It is a communal thing. But then when I say "Behold the Lamb of God," you say, "Lord, I am not worthy." It's returned to the personal, and not the communal nature, of this relationship. These things in our liturgy are not accidental, but reflect the deeper reality that we simultaneously worship God as a community and as individuals. So when I come to Mass I have to have a deep and abiding concern for everyone else here with me, and for those who are absent.
So whenever we approach the altar, reflect on the magnitude of this gift. There is nothing better, there could be nothing better, than this act of God that saves us from our sins. And reflect on your own response to it. Do I have the proper faith in God, and the proper love towards my fellow Christians, that this gift calls for?